Information for authors
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina is the official publication of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of San Marcos, destined to the promotion of issues of education, research, and medical practice, University teaching, and the improvement of public health.
The first issue of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina appeared in January 1918, when Dr. Ernesto Odriozola was Dean, and the first Editor Secretary was Dr. Hermilio Valdizán. Since then, this magazine, the oldest of the medical publications in the Peru, expressed the development and problems of teaching and practice of medicine in our country.
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina is published quarterly, one volume per year, is peer-reviewed and indexed in the following databases: LIPECS, LILACS, LATINDEX, IMBIOMED, REDALYC, DOAJ, HINARI, SciELO, e-Revistas. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina is distributed in both printed and electronic format, with free access to full text.
Articles published in Anales de la Facultad de Medicina belong to the following sections: editorial, original articles, short communications, clinical cases, review articles, symposia, opinion articles, historical items, special articles, semblance and letters to the Editor. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina is published following the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (http://www.icmje.org/).
Submission of articles to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
Articles submitted to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina must be unpublished, either totally or partially. Articles should not be submitted simultaneously for publication in another journal. Articles submitted to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina can be written in Spanish, English or Portuguese, according to origin and preference of the authors. Submissions will be made electronically to: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
The following three files should be attached:
Policies of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, including those related to conflict of interest, ethical aspects and misrepresentation of data and documents, apply to all submitted articles. The documentation is required to start the publishing process, or the article will be returned to the author. If the article was submitted previously to another journal, the authors must provide a copy of the detailed comments of the peer-review. Initially, the submitted articles are evaluated by the Editorial Committee of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina. Some articles will be rejected immediately if they do not meet the stipulated requirements; all articles are subject to review by peers.
Ethical aspects in the editorial process of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
Prior to the submission of articles to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina authors are encouraged to consider as set forth by the International Committee of Ethics in Scientific Publications, whose recommendations are found in the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, recommendations followed by the Editorial Committee of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina. This information is available at: http://publicationethics.org Through these guidelines, Anales de la Facultad de Medicina considers as ethical misdemeanors plagiarism, fictitious authorship, changes of authorship, redundant publication, data manipulation, undisclosed conflict of interest. In case of detection of any ethical publication misdemeanor, Anales de la Facultad de Medicina will reject the article and take the measures recommended by the International Committee of Ethics on Scientific Publications which includes information of the misdemeanor to the author, other authors, to the institution where he belongs, to his superiors, to the source of the funding entity, to the Ethics Committee of the institution, to other scientific journals and authorities.
Experimentation in humans and animals
Articles describing experiments carried out in humans should indicate whether the procedures followed were according to the ethical rules of the institutional or regional Ethics Committee and the Declaration of Helsinki (World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects. JAMA. 1997; 277:925-6).
In Peru, the rules to follow for experimentation on humans are laid down in the Regulation of Clinical Trials. The National Institute of Health of Peru is the authority responsible at the national level to ensure compliance with that regulation and the related rules governing the authorization and execution of clinical trials. The authors of clinical trials in humans require approval by the National Institute of Health of Peru before starting the experiment. At the request of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, the author must deliver copies of documentation evidencing authorization.
For animal experimentation the authors will take into consideration international standards for use of animals for experimentation, in particular those recommended by the Office of Animal Care and Use of the National Institutes of Health (http://oacu.od.nih.gov/index.htm), as well as the guidelines of the institution or national law governing the care and use of laboratory animals. The animals used must be named in the title, abstract, keywords and materials and methods. Such experimentation should be thoroughly detailed in the materials and methods section. Animal experimental research carried out in Peru, must have the approval of the Committee of Ethics and Animal Welfare at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos: http://veterinaria.unmsm.edu.pe/CEBA.htm.
Patients’ names, initials, number of clinical history, or general data enabling identification of study subjects should not be mentioned. Images of patients in the publication of original articles or case reports must have the permission and informed written consent. The recognizable characteristics of photographs of identifiable people must be masked. Studies on patients, records of patients or volunteers require the approval of the institutional Ethics Committee as well as informed consent.
Guidelines for development and presentation of research
For the submission of articles to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina authors are recommended to follow the guidelines established internationally for the design, realization and presentation of different types of studies:
Authors and contributors of articles submitted to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
The authors of papers presented to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina must submit the affidavit of authorship. This requirement applies to all types of article including editorials and letters to the Editor. Ethical considerations about the authorship and collaboration should be adjusted according to the provisions of the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals of the International Committee of Editors of Medical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/urm_full.pdf).
The recognition of authorship should be based on: 1) Contributions to the idea and study design, data collection, or to the analysis and interpretation of data; 2) The drafting of the article or revising it critically for intellectual content; and 3) Final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3. The search for funding, data collection, or supervision of the research group doesnot justify authorship. All persons listed as authors should meet the criteria for authorship, and all those who meet them should appear in the list of authors. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should appear in the acknowledgments section.
Collaborators of the study, i.e., people who made significant contributions to the article, including participants in clinical trials, are acknowledged. It should be mentioned specifically who and what type of cooperation in the investigation was carried out. The contributors mentioned in this section should give in writing authorization for the publication of their names.
Examples to be included in Acknowledgements: people who collaborated only giving technical help, collaboration in the drafting of the manuscript, the heads of departments whose participation was of a general nature.
Declaration of conflicts of interest
Authors submitting articles to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina should declare any personal or commercial relation that may present bias and therefore a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article. Conflicts of interest may be direct or indirect, including financial interest of the authors by the company that sponsors the study as well as jobs, grants, payment of per diem, travel, consultancies, etc.
If the author has shares in the company or employee thereof either full-time or part-time, it should be indicated in the Declaration of conflicts of interest. Failure to do so may result in sanctions.
Announcing the sources of financial support of the study does not imply a conflict of interest.
Declaration of assignment of copyright
Authors submitting articles to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina at the time of sending the sworn statement of authorship and permission for publication of the article, give up their patrimonial rights to the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima-Peru for releasing the article on the conditions, procedures and means available. The authors will not receive royalties or compensation on the part of the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos by the publication of articles in Anales de la Facultad de Medicina.
Permissions for the publication or dissemination of the contents of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
Under the aegis of the regulations, all rights are reserved by the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. The diffusion of the contents of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina (text, tables, figures) are authorized provided you cite the source. For authorizing the reprint of a number of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina refer to the direction of the Journal. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina has legal deposit and is freely distributed to researchers and professors of the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, general practitioners, universities and scientific and academic institutions. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina is subject to exchange with other similar publications. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina is available full text in: http://revistasinvestigacion.unmsm.edu.pe/index.php/anales
Checklist of items sent to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
Checklist of items sent to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina must be completed in its entirety by the author to see that the article meets the requirements for publication. The checklist, the article to be published and the sworn statement of authorship are sent via e-mail. If an article does not apply to some of the items of the checklist, the box is left unchecked. If the checklist is not submitted, the publishing process cannot continue.
Review by peers or arbitration is a method used to ensure the quality, originality, feasibility and scientific rigor of an article of research. Peer review is a process that is mandatory for all types of articles submitted to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina except for editorials and letters to the Editor that are evaluated by the Editorial Committee.
Papers submitted to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina are evaluated by reviewers with experience and knowledge of the subject referred in the article to assess, with the slogan that their concept achieve good judgment and high quality for publication. The requirements to be a reviewer of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina are: knowledge of the topic, impartiality, academy, innovation, responsibility. Reviewers selected for Anales de la Facultad de Medicina are not remunerated but they are mentioned in the printed volume where they contributed. When required by the article, there are reviewers experts in the fields of biostatistics and epidemiology. The authors of articles should not suggest reviewers, since this constitutes a conflict of interest.
Papers submitted to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina will be initially evaluated by the Editorial Committee according to the requirements, and subsequently shall be subject to arbitration by pairs, for which the Editorial Committee invites 3 reviewers per article, who anonymously and in a period of 15 days will qualify the article through a report. The type of review is double blind. Referees or reviewers issue suggestions and recommendations on how to improve the article. The evaluation of referees consider the article:
Once received the suggestions and recommendations, these are sent to the author who is given 15 days to submit the modified article. No article will be accepted definitively until all of the corrections have been clarified and modified. To facilitate the task of the Editorial Committee, when the authors send a manuscript previously evaluated, they must enclose a letter where they expose modifications carried out (section, page, line) and, where necessary, divergent points of view. Depending on the case, Anales de la Facultad de Medicina may resubmit the corrected article to the reviewers before considering its publication. If the corrections were not sent until a period of six months, the article will be rejected for publication. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina reserves the right to make changes or amendments to the article for the sake of a better understanding, unless these changes modify its content. The corresponding author will finally check the pdf before final publication. Reviewers may suggest the original article to be published as short communication or letter to the editor.
The average time of the editorial process from receipt of the item until the decision of the Editorial Committee publishing the same, having passed the review process by pairs and corrections, varies between 2 and 4 months. The author may request information on the progress of the review of the article as well as the stage of the publishing process in which the article is.
It is a stage of the publishing process to the layout and editing of the article to be published. A galley proof of the article will be sent to the author in PDF format. The proof will be carefully reviewed and marked the possible errors, returning the proof corrected within a period of 48 hours. Changes to the content of the article will not be accepted. The Editorial Committee reserves the right to admit or not the corrections made by the author in the galley proofs. If authors do not print proof observations, the Editorial Committee will consider the final version accepted.
Claims, judgments and opinions expressed in the articles published in Anales de la Facultad de Medicina correspond to the authors and not necessarily to the Editorial Committee of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina. Both the Editorial Committee of Anales de la Facultad de Medicina and the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos do not assume any responsibility for the material presented, nor guarantee or support any product that is advertised in the magazine, nor guarantee claims made by the manufacturer of that product or service.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE SUBMISSION OF ARTICLES
The requirements for the submission of articles to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina are in accordance with the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org/) available at the electronic address: http://www.icmje.org/ http://revistasinvestigacion.unmsm.edu.pe/index.php/anales/about/submissions#authorGuidelines. Articles must be submitted in Spanish, English or Portuguese, typed in word for windows, with a font size no less than 12 in paper size A4, double-spaced, with margins of 2.5 cm. Each component of the article will begin on a separate page and with consecutive numbering on the top right, in the following order: title page and title summary, summary and abstract, main text, acknowledgements, references, tables and figures with legends.
Papers submitted to Anales de la Facultad de Medicina must belong to one of the following categories:
I. Original articles
The total length of the manuscript, including bibliography, will not exceed 14 pages. Preferably you should not extend more than 3 500 words of content, 5 figures or tables, and 30 references. They shall be drafted according to the following scheme:
1. The first page of the Original article will indicate:
2. Abstract and keywords
The abstract will be presented on separate sheet; if it is worded in Spanish you must have the respective translation into English, having a maximum of 250 words each. It will include a brief introduction (background for the study), the Objectives of the study (what the study seeks to determine), Design (type of research), Setting (institution(s) where the study was carried out and if it is a teaching institution), Participants (patients or subjects) or Biological material or other, Interventions (the basic procedures used, materials and methods, statistical analysis), Main outcome measure(s) (indicators of results), Results (only the main ones) and the most important Conclusions. After the summary, add 3 to 10 keywords or phrases that help to classify the article. Use the terms of the Index Medicus Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list. In the Abstract, the corresponding parts are Introduction, Objectives, Design, Patients or Materials, Interventions, Main outcome measures, Results, Conclusions, Keywords.
It includes the exposition of motives and objectives of the work and brief reference of the pertinent literature, without making an extensive review of the subject. It shall not include data or conclusions of the work carried out. It shall not exceed two pages.
It briefly describes characteristics of subjects or of the material employed in the work, the techniques used for its realization and statistical studies. Only detail new or modified techniques. In case of known techniques, point only the bibliographic reference.
Present them in brief form, but the most orderly or coherent as possible. The use of tables and figures is to complement the information; limit the number to a minimum. Tables and figures, arranged by Arabic numbers, will bring the corresponding legend. The photographs will be of the best possible resolution. When you reproduce material already published, it is imperative to attach a copy of the letter of authorization from the original author and the respective Publisher.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that derive from them. Do not repeat the data or information already presented in the sections of introduction and results. Set the nexus of the conclusions with the goals of the study, but refrain from making general statements and draw conclusions that are not scientifically supported. Compare your results with those of other researchers. You can include new hypotheses and recommendations when there is justification to do so.
Acknowledgments to persons or institutions that have collaborated in the preparation of the article will appear before the bibliographical references.
8. Bibliographic references
References shall be exclusively referred to the text of the article, ordered sequentiallyaccording to their appearance and draftedaccording to the Index Medicus international standards. Add the doi in references having it.
Journal articles: Surnames of the author and co-authors followed by the initials of the names, these without separation between themselves. You can include up to six authors, separated by commas; if there are more than six, do not score them but add 'y col' in Spanish, ' et al' in English. A period will be placed after the authors’ names, and then the title of the article will be quoted in the language of origin, followed by a period. Then the name of the journal (in internationally recognized abbreviation), period, and the year of publication, semicolon; the number of volume (number of supplement in parenthesis) followed by colon, finishing with the pages among which appears the article and an end period. Add the doi in articles that have them. Example: Goswami N, Kavcic V, Marusic U, Simunic B, Rössler A, Hinghofer-Szalkay H, R Pisot R. Effect of computerized cognitive training with virtual spatial navigation task during bed rest and recovery on immobilization vascular function: a pilot study. Clin Interv Aging. 2015 Feb 10; 10:453-9. doi:10.2147/CIA.S76028.
Books, brochures or similar: Author or co-authors in the same way that for articles. Title of the work, period, and then the preposition "In" followed by colon, surnames and initials of the editors of the book followed by the word "editor(s)" in parenthesis, period, and the title of the book in the language of origin; period, and the number of Edition, period; place of editing and colon, name of Publisher, period; year of the Edition, colon and (without separation) pages in which the article appears, period, DOI. Example: Moncada S, Higgs EA. Nitric oxide and the vascular endothelium. In: Moncada S, Higgs A (Eds): The Vascular Endothelium I. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2006:213-54. DOI: 10.1007/3540-32967-6.
Thesis: Author, in the same way as for the articles. Work title, in parentheses specify the aimed degree, period. City and country where sustained separated by a comma, colon and the University of origin, a comma, the year, and period. The number of pages followed by the abbreviation "pp".
Example: Gota DF. Morbidity and mortality. Retrospective study in hospitalized patients of the Hospital Cayetano Heredia (Bachelor thesis). Lima, Peru: Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. 1990:59 pp.
II. Review articles
They must be drafted according to the following scheme:
Otherwise, follow the indications for the original articles.
III. Short communications and Case Reports
They should be worded as follows:
The total extent of the work, including references, will not exceed 6 pages or 1500 words. A maximum of 4 figures or tables and 15 references will be accepted.
They should be written as follows:
Otherwise, follow the indications for the original articles.
V. Letters to the editor
They should be written as follows:
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