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Editorial Policy

LIBERABIT is a semi-annual publication of the Professional School of Psychology from the Universidad de San Martin de Porres, Lima, Peru. The journal presents papers in reference to the academic and professional environment in various areas of psychology; these papers must be original, unpublished, and can be written in Spanish, English or Portuguese.

It is necessary to specify what is the contribution and the relevance of investigation. Also, the papers proposed must have been led by a psychologist and in the list of authors must appear only those that have contributed intellectually to the development of the research.

The contents of Liberabit in the preparation and presentation of papers are based on the scientific communication rules proposed by the American Psychology Association (APA) in its handbook for scientific publications (6th edition in English and 3rd in Spanish).

The papers that are sent to the journal for publication may correspond to one of the seven types that are outlined below:

1. Empirical Study. Provides original information of a completed research. Also, it considers studies that report secondary data analysis; provided that it reflects results not included or considered in other publications. The development of the paper must maintain the following order:

- Introduction. It includes the research problem, the theoretical perspective and empirical evidence behind it; and the approach to the problem and objectives. The empirical evidence should not be older than 10 years.

- Method. It describes the characteristics of the participants, the instruments, the procedure, as well as the analysis of the data.

- Results. It is the report of the research findings.

- Discussion. It is the interpretation of the results taking into account the theoretical framework and empirical evidence. It includes the limitations, conclusions, and recommendations.

2. Literature Review. Presents an organized and systematized review of the status issue or problem study, i.e., a synthesis of the previous investigative results is presented. Also, it includes the meta-analysis referred to a quantitative review of what is reported by studies done on the same topic.

3. Theoretical Article. Presents advances in theory – perspectives and theoretical constructs are also discussed. Different theoretical perspectives are compared, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of one over the other and vice versa.

4. Methodological Article. It presents a new methodological approach in psychology or an alternative version to an existing one. You can also describe strategies for data analysis; even bibliometric studies are considered.

5. Case Study. It reports individual, group, organizational, or community case results. This type of paper presents a problem for private study and the strategies for dealing with it. It has theoretical and practical implications.

6. Brief report. These are the progress and preliminary results of research already completed. 7. Letter to the editor. Contains critical analysis of any article published in the Journal. The content must contribute to the scientific discussion of the item in question

Submission of papers.

The papers proposed for publication must be sent through the OJS platform available at:

The author(s) must be registered and follow all the appropriate steps; in addition, they must send a letter of introduction with the job title and name of the author(s) addressed to the director of the journal. You must send it to the following email:

The author(s) commits not to submit to other journals or media the complete or partial papers submitted to the Liberabit journal. The only manuscripts subject to review will be the ones not in the process of simultaneous revision by other national or international journals.

The withdrawal of the paper will be requested in writing with a document addressed to the director, and may be done after the response of the same. Originals will not be returned, nor will be considered those that fail to comply with the rules set forth by the journal.

It is suggested that the authors cite articles published in LIBERABIT that are related to the themes of their manuscript, in order to increase the index of citation.

Next is the detailed order for submitting a paper on the OJS system.

1. The author must register in the system and allow himself the role of author and reader.

2. Once you has accessed the platform, you must login under the role of AUTHOR.

3. To begin the sending process, click on CLICK HERE.

4. Then continue with the five steps that follow:

Step 1. Denote the formal aspects of the paper, for example, if you are not in parallel review with another publication; in what format it is; if it meets the process criteria, etc.

Step 2. Loading the paper, it is important to note that this should not include the author’s data, or the institution he belongs to. This step is extremely important because it preserves the anonymity in the evaluation process.

Step 3. Upload the meta-data of the paper, that is to say: title, key words, institution affiliation, sponsoring institution; as well as any other information that the author(s) believes should be mentioned in the article.

Step 4. Upload the tables and/or figures of the paper.

Step 5. Finally, send the paper.

Paper Arbitration System

The arbitration system is performed in two stages: (a) It is verified that the article meets the formal aspects; the co-editor or members of the Scientific Advisory Committee do this sifting. Failure to comply with the rules set forth – the manuscripts are returned to the authors to make the necessary adjustments. (b) It is evaluated the content and scientific contribution of the paper – for which it is sent to two members of the Scientific Committee, double-blinded (the arbitrators do not know the identity of the authors, and vice versa).

After the evaluation, the paper is considered:

(1) Ready to be published,

(2) Must make some modifications, or

(3) It is not recommended for publication.

If the arbitrators point out comments on the manuscript, these must be resolved by its author(s) in a period of no more than 30 days; if there is no response once the time has passed, the paper shall be considered as new and on the waiting list.

The accepted and edited paper is forwarded to the author(s) for review, and should be returned accompanied by a conformity letter in order to carry out the publication of the corresponding number of the Liberabit journal during the following 30 days. The main author will receive a printed copy and the sponsors a record of publication of the article.

General Structure of the paper

The extension of the work must not exceed 7,000 words – including references which represent between 15 to 20 pages, A4 size. The type of letter should be Times New Roman, size 12, with 1.5 line spacing, and 2.5 cm margins per side.

The following format must be respected, and care should be taken to maintain anonymity:

On the first page…

• Title. In Spanish or Portuguese language, and translated into English (no more than 12 words).

• Abstract. It must have a maximum of 150 words; concisely describes the objective, method, results, and discussion of the study. It includes a Spanish version (Resumen).

• Keywords. These are is followed after the abstract (3 to 6), they highlight points that serve as identifiers of the basic aspects of the paper. It is also presented in the English language (keywords).

In the following pages...

• Text. Includes introduction, method, results, discussion, and

• References

With tables and figures you must follow the APA format, and indicate the source – if be the case. If the working material is subject to author’s rights, or copyright; it is the author(s) responsibility to process the corresponding permit in writing.

References cited in the text

The Cite has as its main function – to denote to the reader – where the concept or idea used in the paper comes from. You can cite in different ways:

• Author and year cited in the text

In the year 2010, Martinez said that these variables...

• Author not cited in the text

For the estimate of the reliability in the cut-off point, use the coefficient K2 (Livinsgston, 1972).

• Author cited in the text

As Meza (2013) points out, millions of dollars in training have been invested in Peru...

Next are some examples according to the number of authors:

1. Papers with only one author

For example:

One of these is the one done by Olivares (1998), which was put to...

Likewise, in accordance with the procedure used in other occasions (Olivares, 2005), we did...

2. Papers with two authors

When a cite (paper in Spanish) has two authors, the last name of both authors should always appear separated by the conjunction "and"; followed by the year of publication.

For example:

The transactional theory of stress (Lazarus & Folkman, 1987) locates the cognitive assessment...

In cites from Spanish papers, the conjunction “y” is always used inside or outside parentheses. When the paper is in English, “and” is used in the citing, and when the text is in Portuguese is used “e”.

3. Papers with multiple authors

When a paper has three, four, or five authors, you must put all the last names in the first citation; in the subsequent citations, you should only place the last name of the first author followed by et al., and the year.

For example, the first cite in the text:

However, newly acquired relevance in the framework of positive organizational psychology when it is defined by Luthans, Youssef and Avolio (2007), as...

Following citations in the text:

However, newly acquired relevance in the framework of positive organizational psychology when it is defined by Luthans et al. (2007), as...

When an appointment has six or more authors, the last name of the first author is positioned from the beginning, followed by et al., and the year of publication.

4. Some considerations in the use of cites

When citing different authors inside or outside parentheses, they are sorted alphabetically separated by a semicolon (;).

For example:

(Costello and Osborne, 2005; Thompson, 2008; Yanai and Ichikawa, 2007).

When the cite corresponds to an agency or institution, the first time you must type the full name and the abbreviation in parentheses; in the subsequent cites, place only the acronyms.

For example, the first time:

World Health Organization (WHO), 1985...


WHO, 1985

When a cite is textual and does not exceed 40 words, it is placed between quotation marks within the same paragraph of the text; the page number(s) goes in parentheses.

For example:

Regarding “human behavior – as the complex behavior that it is; it would be defined by the complex relationships among components" (Pastor and Leon, 2007, p. 212).

If the cite exceeds 40 words, it should be placed in a separate paragraph, without quotation marks; and the paragraph with a hanging indent of five spaces; the page number(s) goes in parentheses.

Phelan (2001) explains:

Traditional science seeks direct causal relationships between elements in the universe, while complexity science lowers a level to explain the rules that govern the interactions between elements of a lower order – that when added – create emergent properties in systems of higher level. (P. 132).

List of references

A list of references is included at the end of the text, i.e., the sources of the concepts or ideas. Only the references that were cited in the text should be mentioned. Below are some characteristics of the references:

  • The list of references is not numbered; it is sorted alphabetically and with hanging indent.

  • If an author(s) has two or more references, they are ordered chronologically beginning with the oldest.

  • When there are two authors, they are separated with the symbol & (ampersand). From three to seven authors a comma goes before the last one (,) then the symbol &.

  • If the reference has more than seven authors, place the first six, followed by an ellipsis and then the last author.

Below are a few examples:

1. Periodical publications

To be considered are magazines, newsletters, newspapers, etc. The order is as follows:

Last name, initial(s) letter of names, (year), title of the topic, name of the periodical publication, volume of the journal(number) and pages.

For example:

Formiga, N. S. (2003). Fidedignidade da escala de comportamentos anti-sociais e delitivas ao contexto brasileiro. Psicologia estudo,8(2), 133-138.

When there are two authors:

Bornas, X. & Noguera, M. (2002). Bases científicas de la terapia de la conducta: Nuevas propuestas para un viejo paradigma. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 2(1), 9-24.

From three to seven authors:

Bacigalupe, M. A., Tujague, M. P., Späth, G. M., & Lahitte, H. B. (2013). Behavioural research on human work ingmemory: mixing qualitative and quantitative methods. Liberabit, 19(2), 195-203.

More than seven authors:

González, S., Tello, J., Silva, P., Lüders, C., Butelmann, S., Fristch, R., … David, P. (2012). Calidad de vida en pacientes con discapacidad motora según factores sociodemográficos y salud mental. Revista Chilena de neuro-psiquiatría, 50(1), 23-34.

. Article with DOI

The digital object identifier (DOI) allows access to electronic publications information, if the reference has it, it should be included at the end. If the job does not have an assigned DOI but was recovered online, you must provide the uniform resource locator (URL).

For example:

Gangstad, B., Norman, P., & Barton, J. (2009). Cognitive processing and posttraumatic growth after stroke. Rehabilitatio Psychology, 54(1), 69-75. doi:10.1037/a0014639

For example:

García, F. (2013). Bajo los escombros: estrategias de sobrevivencia en una mujer afectada por un terremoto. Procesos Psicológicos y Sociales, 9, 1-22. Recuperado de

. Press article

Kenny, D. A., Kaniskan, B., & McCoach, D. B. (en prensa). The performance of RMSEA in models with small degrees of freedom. Sociological Methods & Research, 1(2),10-15.

. Journal paper on the Internet

DeAngelis, T. (marzo, 2015). In search of cultural competence. Monitor on Psychology, 46(3). Recuperado de

2. Books

Included are reference books, encyclopedias, dictionaries, electronic books, chapters within a book, etc. The format used is the following:

Last name, initial(s) letter of names (year). Title of the topic, editing. Location: Editorial.

For example:

Schaufeli, W. & Enzmann, D. (1998). The burnout companion to study and practice: A critical analysis. Londres: Taylos & Francis.

Woolfolk, A. (2010). Educational Psychology. [Psicología Educativa] (11ª. ed.). México, DF: Pearson Educación.

. Book with DOI or URL

Wooh, A., Sanchez, C. M., & Vilar, M. J. (2010). Psicología Cognitiva (5ª ed.). doi:26.78/-54345.078 Ardanuy, J. (2012). Breve introducción a la bibliometría. Recuperado de

Chapter within a consultation book

Omar, A. (2013). Predictores de resiliencia en jóvenes y adolescentes.En J. Gaxiola & J. Palomar(Eds.), Estudios de resiliencia en América Latina (Vol. 2, pp. 18-37). México: Pearson Internacional.

. Monograph or limited circulation book from an electronic database

Eston, N. (Ed.). (2002). El trabajo en equipo [Monografía]. Recuperado de http://egh-/875.098/

3. Conference and symposium proceedings

The summary of conclusions, agreements or conferences summaries, or symposia can be published in print or electronically.

For example, collaboration in a symposium:

Tapia, B. M. & García, N. G. (junio, 1998). Afrontamiento del bullying en el colegio «Ángeles de María». En S. Gomero (Presidencia), El bullying en los colegios. Simposio llevado a cabo en la conferencia del Ministerio de Educación, Lima.

4. Doctoral Thesis or master's degree

They can be recovered from institutional or personal files, previously unpublished or published on the web.

For example, unpublished thesis:

Castillo, P. V. (2000). Clima motivacional y procesos motivacionales en una empresa (Tesis de doctorado inédita). Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima.

For example, thesis from an institutional database:

Santa Cruz, S. & Sepúlveda, R. (2010). Alianza terapéutica: traducción, adaptación y validación del Helping Alliance Questionnarie II (HAQ-II) de Lester Luborsky para estándares chilenos (Tesis de maestría). Recuperado de


Ethical principles on publications and research

LIBERABIT subscribes the ethical principles on publication and research established by the scientific community, which can be reviewed at the following addresses:

American Psychological Association Ethical Principles:

Code of conduct and best practice guidelines for journal editors (March 2011):

We highlight the following considerations:

1. Responsibilities of the authors:

  • Relevant participation in the research.

  • Avoidance of plagiarism or fraudulent information.

  • Acceptance of article peer review.

  • Explicit mention of the consent by participants in the research.

The violation of the ethical norms of publication will give place to following sanctions, which are detailed according to severity order:

  • A letter addressed to the authors explaining where there appears to be a genuine misunderstanding ofprinciples.

  • Publication of a notice of redundant publication or plagiarism.

  • An editorial giving full details of the misconduct.

  • Refusal to accept future submissions from the individual, or responsible institution for the misconduct, for a stated period.

  • Formal withdrawal of the paper from the scientific literature, informing other editors and the indexing authorities responsables of the indexation.

  • Reporting the case to the Scientific Community, or other such authority or organisation which can investigate and act with due process.

2. Responsibilities of reviewers:

  • Review papers confidentially.

  • Review papers objectively.

  • Provide, if applicable, not cited information.

3. Responsibilities of the editors:

  • Only accept relevant and adjusted jobs to the rules laid down.

  • Have no conflict of interest.

  • Preserve the anonymity of reviewers.


  • The opinions and information contained in this journal are the responsibility of the authors.
  • If a paper is accepted for publication, the rights for printing and reproduction in any form and by any means are of the journal.


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