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Revista de Neuro-Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-8597


ENCISO MATOS, Iván; PINTO-CASAVERDE, Lino; CALLE-LA ROSA, Pilar  and  TORRES-RAMIREZ, Luis. Etiology of stroke in young adults from a series of patients at the Instituto Nacional de CienciasNeurológicas in the period 2010 to 2013. Rev Neuropsiquiatr [online]. 2016, vol.79, n.1, pp.16-22. ISSN 0034-8597.

Objectives: Clarify the etiology of cerebral infarction in young adults hospitalized in the Department of Neurovascular Diseases at the National Institute of Neurological Sciences (INCN), during the period 2010 to 2013.Material and Methods: Descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study in a sample of young patients diagnosed with cerebral infarction, hospitalized during the study period and who underwent tomography and / or magnetic resonance imaging brain tests. Results:A total of 43 patients, 55.8 % of them female, met the inclusion criteria. The mean age was 37.6 +/- 6.4 years, 69.8% came from Lima, and 44.2% of the cases were of undetermined etiology and 23.3%, cardioembolic. The average age for artery occlusive disease was 41.8 years, and for undetermined etiology, 34.7 years. The vascular territory mostly compromised was that of the anterior circulation with 65.1%.Conclusions: Sociodemographic, clinical characteristics, and etiological factors of cerebral infarction in young adults were described. The most frequent etiologies were cardioembolic and undeterminated. Metabolic diseases and the use of oral contraceptives were the most frequently associated factors. The cerebral vascular territory mostly affected was that of the anterior circulation. No deaths occurred.

Keywords : Etiology; stroke; young adult.

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