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Revista de Neuro-Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-8597


MARAVI SANCHEZ, Arnaldo A; MONTERO GAGO, Freddy M; RODRIGUEZ HURTADO, Diana  and  GUILLEN PINTO, Daniel. Sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness in puerperal women attended at a general hospital: A comparative study. Rev Neuropsiquiatr [online]. 2016, vol.79, n.2, pp.89-97. ISSN 0034-8597.

Objectives: To describe the quality of sleep and daytime hypersomnolence in puerperal women. Materials and Methods: A descriptive case-series study was conducted in the Pediatric and Obstetric departments of the Hospital Cayetano Heredia in Lima, Perú. Three sample groups were formed, the first consisting of puerperal women, the second ofnon-puerperal mothers, and the third of nulliparous women. An affiliative instrument and the Pittsburgh and Epworth scales were used. The statistical significance level (a) was 0.05. Results: The participants’ age oscillated between 15 and 35 years, with a mean of 26.7 ± 4.9. 90% (95% CI 80.2 to 99.7) of the puerperal probands presented poor sleep quality. It was determined that the older in this sub-group (28 ± 5.3 years) had such poor sleep quality. In turn, the likelihood of poor sleep quality in the postpartum women group was 4.5 (95% CI 1.2 to 17.1) times higher relative to the nulliparous. Finally, 35% (95% CI 19.6 to 50.4) of the puerperal women presented excessive daytime sleepiness. Conclusions: A sleep pattern of poor quality and excessive daytime sleepiness were more common among postpartum women than in non-puerperal mothers and nulliparous women. The poor sleep quality was more frequent than excessive daytime sleepiness in postpartum women and, among them, in those of older age. Puerperal women were 4.5 times more likely to have poor sleep quality and 6,6 times more likely to have excessive daytime sleepiness when compared with nulliparous women.

Keywords : Sleep stages; sleep; postpartum period.

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