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Revista de Neuro-Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-8597


VELARDE INCHAUSTEGUI, Myriam Mercedes; VATTUONE ECHEVARRIA, Jorge Adolfo; GOMEZ VELARDE, Myriam Elizabeth  and  VILCHEZ FERNANDEZ, Leidi. Knowledge level of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among general physicians in Lima, Peru. Rev Neuropsiquiatr [online]. 2017, vol.80, n.1, pp.3-11. ISSN 0034-8597.

Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a worldwide prevalence of 5%, and most of medical consultations to children with the diagnosis take place in Primary Care settings. It would be necessary for physicians of the Rural and Urban-Marginal Health Service (SERUM) in Peru to have sufficient knowledge about the diagnosis and management of this disorder for its timely referral to the specialist. Objectives: To determine the knowledge level that SERUM primary care physicians have regarding diagnosis, management and prognosis of ADHD. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive, observational and transversal study, based on the application of a survey instrument, specifically designed for the study of ADHD, and revised by the Peruvian Association of Professionals. Results: From a total of 550 surveys applied, 63.5% (349) met the inclusion criteria. It was found that 80.5% of these probands had a high level of general knowledge about ADHD, but only a 16.9% has a similar knowledge level regarding diagnosis, and 73.1%, an intermediate level. Regarding treatment, 56.2% of the sample had a high and 39.8%, an average knowledge level.Conclusions: SERUM-associatedprimary care physicians in Lima have a high knowledge level about general aspects of ADHD as they consider a combined treatment as the management of choice, and give importance to the prognosis of the non-treated patient. However, most of them do not base their diagnosis on DSM-5 or ICD-10 criteria, and do not identify first-line pharmacological agents for the management of the disorder. The need to improve this aspects is emphasized.

Keywords : Primary care physicians; ADHD; knowledge level; diagnosis; treatment.

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