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Revista de Neuro-Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-8597


VALDIVIESO-JIMENEZ, Glauco  and  MACEDO-ORREGO, Luis. Neuroscience and psychotherapy: mechanism top-down and bottom-up. Rev Neuropsiquiatr [online]. 2018, vol.81, n.3, pp.183-195. ISSN 0034-8597.

Currently, there is ample evidence about favorable results of different psychotherapeutic interventions, advances that have been accompanied, although to a lesser extent, by studies on neurobiological correlates. This review aims at providing a comprehensive view of the neurobiological basis of psychotherapy, based on neuroimaging studies, electroencephalography, and other technological resources. The main explanatory models of human behavior and its relationship with psychotherapy are summarized, with emphasis on top-down (through cognitive therapy studies) and bottom-up (through mindfulness meditation) models.

Keywords : Neuroscience; psychotherapy; neurobiology.

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