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Revista de Neuro-Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-8597


EL IMRANI, Nizar. A review of the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of language. Rev Neuropsiquiatr [online]. 2018, vol.81, n.3, pp.196-202. ISSN 0034-8597.

The aim of this paper is to review the different structures of the nervous system, both central and peripheral, involved in the language process. The classical model in which language functions are attributed to and localized in the areas of Broca and Wernicke is questioned, and the hypothesis that language is based on interconnections of complex neural networks and cognitive areas, is presented. On the basis of the premise that every stimulus is categorizable, that is, transformable and codifiable in the form of language, it is stipulated that in order to reach a correct interaction with the surroundings and an effective linguistic communication, the coordination, functioning and communication between different neuroanatomical structures whose description and explanation are systematically presented, are much needed factors.

Keywords : Language; brain; perception; memory; Broca’s area; Wernicke’s area.

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