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Print version ISSN 0252-1865


PEDROZA, Luicy  and  PALOP-GARCIA, Pau. Return or Remittances? Diaspora Economic Policies of Latin American and Caribbean States. Apuntes [online]. 2019, vol.46, n.84, pp.159-184. ISSN 0252-1865.

Explanations of why migrants return to their countries of origin tend to focus on factors at micro and macro levels: from seeing it as individual choice (e. g. neoclassical economics) or household strategy (e. g. new economics of labor migration), to seeing it as determined by structural conditions of receiving or sending countries (e. g. economic cycles, wage differentials, etc.). Yet we know very little about how states of origin combine their policies towards emigrants to establish economic links with them, from remittances to return. With an original dataset for Latin American and Caribbean countries, we can provide an initial descriptive panorama that highlights the choices that countries make in this regard. We compare the return policies to other economic policies geared to emigrants. This helps us in detecting return policies, which is often a neglected dimension in comparative diaspora policy studies, as one among several that states of origin develop to achieve their economic strategies. Also, this first attempt at descriptive analysis provides further paths to explore the causal links behind diaspora policy development in the realm of economic policy.

Keywords : Latin America; diaspora; emigrants; return; remittances; development.

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