ISSN 0254-9212 versión impresa
MALENGREAU, Jacques. Reproducción identitaria y social en las redes translocales de migrantes de dos pueblos andinos. Anthropologica, dic. 2008, vol.26, no.26, p.7-32. ISSN 0254-9212.
This article contrasts strategies adopted by migrants from two Andean communities located in different regions in Peru, in their use of social, cultural, and material networks, taking into consideration the place they settle in and where they come from, their trans-local experience. These strategies are embedded in a parallel form; on the one hand there is an extension of the domestic bonds from the original village in the place they finally settle down in, mostly given by a transgenerational continuation, based on collateral descendance (uncle/aunt - nephew/niece), which weakens the original supradomestic collective identities; and, on the other hand, the newly interethnic neighborhood bonds which transform the social solidarity model in the place they settle down in. These strategies that combine hierarchy, clientelism, reciprocity and re-distribution, also imply a new interpretation of norms regulated by the «liberal», productive, competitive and consumer model, conditioned by a foreign world which is manifested in a transnational and transregional form. Hence, these strategies can be seen as a development of common traits, particularities related not only to social-historic and cultural heritage, but also to a type of destina-tion chosen by these migrants, for example metropolitan Lima, the urban and regional centers and the Oriental tropical valleys.
Palabras llave: Migration networks; social solidarity; original identi-ties; urban-rural spaces; new colonizations.
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