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Anthropologica

versión impresa ISSN 0254-9212

Resumen

OTAEGUI, Alfonso Manuel. Comparación de sistemas analogistas mesoamericanos y animistas del noroeste amazónico. Anthropologica [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.26, pp. 143-172. ISSN 0254-9212.

Starting from Descola’s ideas (Par-délà Nature et Culture: 2005), we make a comparison between an analogic system, the Nahuas from Mexico, and the systems from the Northwest Amazon that create problems in the classification because -altough described as animists- they resemble the analogists ones. Our main goal is to find out what kind of systems could be generated by the different modes of identification, and if these configurations can explain these similarities. After underlying their logic components, we describe the systems that organise them. Although both of them -the Nahuas and the Northwest Amazon- have the ideas of circular causality, an order organising the relationships between the components of the world, the notion that individual actions dangerously affect the whole, these would be just surface effects from systems whose components are too closely related. Even though there is a difference of intensity between both configurations, the harder version would be the Nahuas -one system, components below the level of individuality, idea of balance- and the softer one the Northwest Amazon-system and subsystems, components at the level of individuality, idea of stability-. We believe this difference of intensity is based on their difference in theirs modes of identification.

Palabras llave : animism; analogism; reciprocity; system.

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