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versión impresa ISSN 0254-9212


GROMPONE VELASQUEZ, Alvaro. Being masculine to be modern (and the other way around). Narratives on civilization and gender in Peruvian intellectual elites. 1884-1916. Anthropologica [online]. 2022, vol.40, n.49, pp.57-84.  Epub 27-Feb-2023. ISSN 0254-9212.

The paper explores the discourses around masculinity and modernity intertwined in intellectual elites’ representations during the turn of the twentieth century. The analysis uses a close-reading of certain cases -cultural magazines, eulogies, literary works- that illustrate such discourses. The article shows the elites’ efforts for positioning Peru within the realm of the civilized countries and as part of the advancement of Western modernity. To do so, they tried to describe the virile, strenuous, and rational character of the men than inhabited the country. On the hand, elites extolled the heroic character ―in terms of hegemonic masculinity― of leading Peruvian figures to counter the pessimism after the War of the Pacific military defeat. In the same vein, the subsequent enthusiasm during the Aristocratic Republic was anchored in the possibilities to transform the Peruvian subjects towards greater whiteness, masculinity, and civilization.

Palabras clave : masculinities; hegemony; elites; modernity; civilization; virility.

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