SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.41 número51Actores silenciosos y estados de excepción: Ayacucho durante el conflicto armado interno en Perú (1980-2000) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO



versión impresa ISSN 0254-9212


GAVILAN, Lurgio. How to Build the Enemy in Ayacucho, Peru. Anthropologica [online]. 2023, vol.41, n.51, pp.5-38.  Epub 21-Dic-2023. ISSN 0254-9212.

From an auto-ethnographic perspective, the study analyzes the construction of different types of enemies in the context of the internal armed conflict and state of exception that took place in Ayacucho, Peru, between 1980 and 2000. The result suggests a critical examination of the states of exception. Well then, beyond the reduction to a single enemy-friend (Sendero Luminoso and the Peruvian State), new qualitative views show a complex kaleidoscopic situation of multiple faces of the social subject, which involves examining the network of adversaries: troops, terrucos, cachacos, even a statue of the Inca. Thus, in the face of dichotomous and stigmatizing visions, knowing these dissimilar enemies allows us to better understand the victim and perpetrator produced in a context of violence, with their own interests and local cultural logics, since these adversaries caused polarization and fractures of the social fabric.

Palabras clave : enemy; state of emergency; violence; standardization; survival; Peru.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )