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Revista Medica Herediana

Print version ISSN 1018-130XOn-line version ISSN 1729-214X


MONSANTE, Lucrecia et al. Pleural effusion as a respiratory complication of kerosene ingestion in children.. Rev Med Hered [online]. 1997, vol.8, n.1, pp.19-22. ISSN 1018-130X.

Objective: Determinate the frequency of pleural effusion as a complication after kerosene ingestion by children under two years old. Material and methods: A retrospective study was done at the Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, between 1988 and 1995. We reviewed medical and radiographic records of all children hospitalized with diagnosis of pleural effusion following pneumonitis by hidrocarbons after kerosene ingestion. Also, we reviewed the pediatric emergency book, looking for the number of children, 24 month old or youngest, that ask for attention after kerosene ingestion, at 1995; how many of these were hospitalized, and how many of these have had pleural effusion. Results: The 13.5% of hospitalized children between 1988-1995 have had pleural effusion as a complication of pneumonitis by hidrocarbons; during 1995, 10.9% of all patients that went to pediatric emergency after kerosene ingestion was hospitalized. (Rev Med Hered 1997; 8:19-22)

Keywords : Kerosene; pneumonia; pleural effusion; children.

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