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Revista Medica Herediana

versión impresa ISSN 1018-130Xversión On-line ISSN 1729-214X

Resumen

PEREZ LU, Julio Enrique et al. Prevalencia de rinitis alérgica en pacientes pediátricos que acuden al servicio de emergencia del Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia por crisis de asma. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2003, vol.14, n.3, pp.111-116. ISSN 1018-130X.

Objective: To know prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children with acute event of asthma who go to emergency room of the Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. To determine prevalence of acute rhinitis episode, and prevalence of diagnosis of AR before patients come to emergency. Material and Methods:: It is a descriptive traverse study. The size sample was 164 children (a = 95%; b= 5%). We interviewed parents with a questionnaire to find symptoms of AR and acute nasal symptom. This questionnaire was used in ISAAC study and a prevalence work about AR made in our country. Results:: 169 children from 2 to 14 years went for acute event of asthma to HNCH’s emergency, between March and June of 2002. The average age was 7. 59% were moderate asthmatics, with an average clinic score of acute episode of asthma in 5.2. 82.8% of the patients had nasal symptoms in the moment they went to the hospital. 83.4% had nasal symptoms in the last 12 months, not associated to cold or flu. We found a prevalence of AR of 54.4%. 10.7% of patients had previous diagnosis of AR, before going to emergency. Conclusion:: Coexistence of AR and asthma is frequent in our means. It is necessary to recognize it for a better handling. There is poor information in parents about this allergy and its relationships to asthma. ( Rev Med Hered 2003; 14: 111-116 ).

Palabras clave : Allergic rhinitis; acute event of asthma.

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