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Revista Medica Herediana

Print version ISSN 1018-130XOn-line version ISSN 1729-214X

Abstract

DIAZ LEDESMA, Lizeth et al. Mortalidad perinatal en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2003, vol.14, n.3, pp.117-121. ISSN 1018-130X.

Objective: To know the perinatal mortality rate at the Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins and its characteristics. Material and Methods: We reviewed clinical files from stillbirths (> 1000 grams or >28 weeks), infants deaths (<7 days old) and their clinical files mother’s that have been occurred during 2000. Results:: The perinatal mortality rate was 10.5 per 1000 live births. The age average was 31.6 + 5.9 years old with a range between 14 and 44 years old. From the deliveries, 30.1% was in nuliparas, 61.6% was in multiparas and 8.3% grand multiparas. The average of prenatal care visits was 4.8 + 2.7. 53.4% of the mothers had antecedents for bad obstetric history, the more frequent antecedents were previous abort (27.4%), anterior cesarean delivery (13.7%) and preeclampsia (12.3%). The associated causes to perinatal mortality were mothers who suffered severe preeclampsia (38.4%) and third trimester bleeding (15.1%) and fetus with severe congenital malformations (27.4%). From the deliveries, 68.5% were Cesarean deliveries and 31.5% vaginal deliveries. We have 83.6% of single gestations and 16.4% multiple gestations. The average weight of the products were 1985.2 + 945.8 grams. The 61.6% of perinatal deaths were in preterm deliveries. Conclusions:s: The perinatal mortality rate in HNERM was 10.5 per 1000 live births and the related factors to perinatal mortality were severe preeclampsia, severe congenital malformations, and third trimester bleeding. ( Rev Med Hered 2003; 14: 117-121).

Keywords : Perinatal mortality rate; characteristics; related factors.

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