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Revista Medica Herediana

Print version ISSN 1018-130XOn-line version ISSN 1729-214X

Abstract

LIZARRAGA MARROQUIN, Christian Alberto  and  PROANO DE CASALINO, Doris. Periodontal disease as a risk factor for preterm labor and low birth weight at the Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia 2002-2003.. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2005, vol.16, n.3, pp.172-177. ISSN 1018-130X.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between preterm delivery, low birth weight infants and maternal periodontal disease, controlling by other know risk factors. Material and methods: A case control study, the sample was 156 mothers, 53 cases (mothers of preterm with and without low birth weight and term with low birth weight) and 103 controls (mothers of babies with gestational age > 37 weeks and birth weight >2,500g.). Data was obtained directly examining and interviewing the mothers and reviewing clinical records. Probing depths, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment lost and plaque were registered and estimated. Results: The multivariate conditional logistic regression model adjusting for maternal weight, prenatal control and low birth weight history showed association between clinical attachment lost and preterm with and without low birth weight and term with low birth weight, ORa 2.14 (95% CI 1.24-3.68). Conclusion: The maternal periodontal disease constitutes a risk factor for preterm low birth weight. (Rev Med Hered 2005;16:172-177).

Keywords : Preterm low birth weight; periodontal disease; risk factor.

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