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Revista Medica Herediana

versión On-line ISSN 1729-214X

Resumen

LLANOS-TEJADA, Félix. Spirometrics alterations in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis sequelae. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2010, vol.21, n.2, pp. 77-83. ISSN 1729-214X.

The sequelae tuberculosis lung is a frequent diagnosis with lung function limitation that might have a study. Objective: To determine the spirometry pattern in the hospitalized patients and get theirs severity and bronchodilator answer. Material and Methods: It´s a descriptive, transversal retrospective study; we reviewed 104 spirometries. Results: The average age was 51,2. The reason to hospitalize was infectious bronchorrea in 75%, dispnea in 74.04% and hemoptysis in 30.77%. The FVC was 109%; FEV1 72.9%; FEV1%FVC 57%; CVIF% 59.7%; FEF25-27%, 31.4%. The spirometric results were normal in 16.35%; obstructive in 79.81% and non-obstructive (restrictive) in 13.46%. There was bronchodilator answer in 28.92% of the obstructive pattern. There was an inverse correlation (p<0.05) between dispnea and CIVF. Conclusions: The obstructive spirometry pattern without bronchodilator answer was the most frequent spirometric pattern in patient with sequelae tuberculosis lung. There is an inverse relation between dispnea and inspiratory capacity.(Rev Med Hered 2010;21:77-83).

Palabras llave : Spirometry; sequelae tuberculosis lung; obstructive; tuberculosis.

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