Revista Medica Herediana
ISSN 1018-130X versión impresa
MANRIQUE, Helard, PINTO, Miguel, RAMIREZ-SABA, Alfonso et al. Diabetes tipo 2, obesidad y cetoacidosis diabética en niños. : Reporte de caso. Rev Med Hered, jul. 2011, vol.22, no.3, p.139-142. ISSN 1018-130X.
A 14-year-old woman presented with recent history of type 2 diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis. Initial treatment included hydration and IV insulin. The anti-GAD was negative, and C-peptide was normal. Clinical evolution was good. Long-term treatment included metformin, diet and exercise. Type 2 diabetes has traditionally been viewed as a disorder of adults. However, as the prevalence of obesity in youth is increasing, type 2 diabetes is now occurring in children and adolescents. Sustained hyperglycemia can impair the secretion of insulin by the beta-cells of the pancreas. Glucose toxicity explains why some patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have weight loss, diabetic ketoacidosis, and low measured insulin and C-peptide. Diabetic ketoacidosis in obese adolescents with new-onset diabetes does not imply the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.(Rev Med Hered 2011;22:139-142).
Palabras llave: Type 2 diabetes; obesity; diabetic ketoacidosis; insulin resistance; glucose toxicity.
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
Facultad de Medicina "Alberto Hurtado"
Av. Honorio Delgado 430 Urb. Ingenieria, San Martin de Porres
Lima 100 - Peru