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Revista Medica Herediana

On-line version ISSN 1729-214X


LINDO-SAMANAMUD, Saúl et al. Genotyping strategy for the FMR1 gene: An alternative diagnostic method for the Fragile X syndrome and other trinucleotide expansion diseases. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2013, vol.24, n.4, pp.269-276. ISSN 1729-214X.

Objectives: To design an alternative strategy for genotyping cytosine-rich sequences using PCR and nucleotide modification. Methods: The FMR1 gene wild type was modified in the DNA obtained from eight individuals clinically unaffected for Fragile X Syndrome; cytosines were replaced by uracils using sodium bisulfite. Modified DNA was purified and quantified by spectrophotometry. Alternative structures and potential CpG islands of the unstable microsatellite were simulated using MFOLD and CpGplot tools. Specific primers were generated to hybridize with both the modified microsatellite (Primer G) and a modified sequence of CpG islands (Primer M) using the MethPrimer software. Finally, both sequences were amplified by PCR and the amplicons were separated by electrophoresis in silver-stained PAGE 6% gels. Results: The DNA modification was evidenced by spectrophotometry to uracil. We found two potential CpG islands. The amplification with T primers confirmed the "in silico" design developed to engage hairpin structures. The amplification with M primers detected methylation of the first CpG island in the FMR1 gene. Conclusion: We propose an alternative design for amplifying microsatellite sequences that contain methylated and unmethylated cytosine bases. Further studies are required with DNA samples containing expanded microsatellites to validate its molecular diagnostic application

Keywords : Cytosine; methylation; microsatellites repeats; uracil.

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