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Revista Medica Herediana

On-line version ISSN 1729-214X


ALCA-CLARES, Raúl et al. Muscle skeletal manifestations in patients on chronic hemodyalisis. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2013, vol.24, n.4, pp.298-304. ISSN 1729-214X.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of muscle skeletal (MS) manifestations in patients on chronic hemodyalisis (CH). Methods: Case series that included 68 patients with at least 18 years of age on CH for at least 6 months in the Hemodyalisis Centre of Cayetano Heredia University. Demographic data, clinical information, time on CH, dose of dyalisis and protein ingestion, calcium phosporus and alkaline phosphatase were investigated. Serum PTH was measured in 38 patients and bone mineral density was evaluated in 37 patients. Results: Mean age was 52.1 ± 22.1 years; 52.9% were above 60 years; time on CH was 21.6 ± 17 months; diabetic nephropathy was the common etiology. MS was observed in 73.5% of patients; arthrosis and lumbar pain were the most common manifestations. Arthrosis was related to age > 60 years (66.7% vs 12.5%; p=0.000) and with diabetes mellitus (68.6% vs 32.7%; p=0.010). Low bone mineral density was observed in 64.9% of patients, 11 (29.7%) had osteoporosis and 12 (32.4%) had osteopenia. Conclusions: MS manifestations are highly prevalent in patients on CH. Arthrosis, lumbar pain and low bone mineral density are the most common abnormalities in these patients.

Keywords : Musculoskeletal diseases; bone density; renal dialysis; osteoporosis.

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