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Revista Medica Herediana

versión impresa ISSN 1018-130Xversión On-line ISSN 1729-214X


HUAPAYA PAREDES, Carolina  y  GOMERO CUADRA, Raúl. Postural evaluation and presence of osteo-muscular pain in workers of a mother-child clinic in the city of Lima. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.1, pp.17-21. ISSN 1018-130X.

A great proportion of the population does not exhibit an ideal posture leading to suffer skeletal muscle disorders that can be exacerbated by conditions at work. Objective: To determine the frequency of postural abnormalities among workers of a mother-child clinic in Lima. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during periodic medical evaluations of the center. Body segments were evaluated using postural evaluations and Adam´s test, while range of movement was evaluated with the goniometer. The visual analog pain scale was used to measure intensity of pain. Results: In the static evaluation, the most common disorder was elevation of shoulders in 90.4%, followed by inclination of the head in 85,1%, alterations in the lumbar spine in 58%, head rotation in 49.5%, and foot alterations in 41%. The health workers referred pain at the dynamic evaluation of the spine in 64%, of the extremities in 30% and in both areas in 6%. Conclusions: A high prevalence of postural abnormalities was found in this study with a predominance of both symptomatic and asymptomatic disorders of the spine. The inclusion of postural evaluation in routine occupational examination allowed to detect that 39% of those evaluated had postural defects requiring preventive action.

Palabras clave : Posture; musculoskeletal system; control.

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