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Revista Medica Herediana

Print version ISSN 1018-130XOn-line version ISSN 1729-214X


LLANOS-TEJADA, Félix  and  TAMAYO-ALARCON, Roberto. Bronchiectasis secondary to pulmonary tuberculosis in patients in a general hospital. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.4, pp.232-237. ISSN 1018-130X.

Pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) is a public health problem, it is estimated that patients with PT developed one complication during life with bronchiectasis being the most frequent. Objectives: Ton describe clinical and epidemiologic features of patients with bronchiectasis secondary to PT in a general hospital in Lima. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which medical reports of patients with bronchiectasis secondary to PT were reviewed. Results: 69% of patients were female; 40% were elder. Most frequent clinical manifestations were cough in 66.6%, expectoration in 56.0% and hemoptysis in 49.2%. Saccular tomographic pattern was observed in 43%. Bronchodilators were prescribed for 53%, 41% received inhaled bronchodilators, 33 received antibiotics and 16% mucolytic medications. Mean time from diagnosis of PT to development of bronchiectasis was 16.76 ± 11.94 years. Conclusions: Bronchiectasis secondary to PT were more common in females and in the elder population. The most common clinical manifestations were cough, expectoration and hemoptysis. The most common pattern at CT scan was the saccular and bronchodilators were the most common drugs used.

Keywords : Tuberculosis; bronchiectasis; epidemiology; signs and symptoms.

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