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Revista Medica Herediana

Print version ISSN 1018-130XOn-line version ISSN 1729-214X


SALAMANCA, Max A.; CUBA, Eliana; CASTILLO-DE LA CADENA, Luis  and  VIDAL, David. Characteristics of interventions in cardiac surgery in a general hospital of Lima, Peru. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2022, vol.33, n.4, pp.227-236. ISSN 1018-130X.


To describe the clinical, epidemiological, and surgical characteristics of cardiac interventions in a general hospital in Lima, Peru.


: a retrospective and descriptive study was carried-out at Hospital Maria Auxiliadora from 2009-2019, 41 patients were included.


Median age was 44 years (IQR: 26.5-58.5); 75.6% were females. Underlying conditions were arrhythmias (56.1%); blood hypertension (36.6%); strokes (24.4%) and diabetes (14.6%). Valve replacement using prosthetic valves was the most frequent procedure (39%), mainly mitral valve replacement; followed by surgical repairs of septum abnormalities, mainly atrial defects (26.8%). The most common post-operative complications were nosocomial pneumonia (14%), new arrhythmia (14%) and low output syndrome (12%). Mean times of extracorporeal circulation and aortic clamping were 97.5 ± 39.0 min and 68.1 ± 35.5 min, respectively. Mean ICU and hospital stays were 4.1 ± 2.9 and 22.3 ± 10.9 days, respectively. No fatalities were recorded 30-days after the procedures.


Young, predominantly female adults with significant comorbidities were surgically intervened in this setting. The main surgical procedure was valve replacement, no differences with reports from Latin America were found.

Keywords : Cardiac surgical procedures; heart diseases; heart injuries; heart valve prosthesis.

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