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Revista Estomatológica Herediana

Print version ISSN 1019-4355


MORALES-CHAVEZ, Mariana  and  VILLARROEL-DORREGO, Mariana. Determination of caries and oral hygiene index in a group of autistic patients. Rev. Estomatol. Herediana [online]. 2018, vol.28, n.3, pp.160-166. ISSN 1019-4355.

Objectives: To determine caries index and hygienein autistic patients. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Boys of 4-13 years, 34 autistics and 34 controls were selected. The DMFT and the IHO-S indexes were assessed. All data were analyzed with the statistical program SPSS by chi2 parametric tests and Student tests for independent samples. Results: 20.60% of autistic patients, and 73.05% controls had caries (p≤0.001), the DMFT index being 1±1 deft 0 and 3±2 / 0 respectively, (p≤0.001). In relation to the IHO-S, the values were 2.25±0.78 in autistic patients and 1.79±0.59 in control group (p≤0.008). Conclusions: Caries indexes were lower and Oral hygiene index were higher.

Keywords : Autistic disorder; dental caries; oral hygiene.

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