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Revista Estomatológica Herediana

versión impresa ISSN 1019-4355


ALVARADO-MENACHO, Sergio. Importance of the rates simplified in the diagnosis and study of the temporomandibular disorders. Rev. Estomatol. Herediana [online]. 2019, vol.29, n.1, pp.89-94. ISSN 1019-4355.

Since the temporomandibular disorders (TTMs), was identified at the time of Costen, it has been very difficult to be able to identify and differentiate them, at first we studied them from the clinical point of view but to observe its multifactorial origins and see that it was a problem affecting a large part of the population, it was given a more importance consideration from an epidemiological point of view; they were classified and they were focused on two main areas, a muscular origin and an articular origen, clinical study tools became increasingly complex and then watching that there is a psychosocial component, is was extended the study to that field. The objective of this review is to show the importance of indexes and test simplified on the diagnosis and epidemiological study of the temporomandibular disorders. A search was conducted No systematic work related to the theme of indexes and test simplified and validated in the study of the TTMs. There are various indices with which the TTMs can be identified and which allow to carry out studies epidemiological large-scale which having been validated with clinical tests more detailed you get similar results. Simplified indexes especially the simplified index of Fonseca allow identify and study both clinical and epidemiologically the TTMs.

Palabras clave : Temporomandibular joint; temporomandibular joint disorders; temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome.

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