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Revista Estomatológica Herediana

Print version ISSN 1019-4355


RAMOS-PILCO, Edwin; ALLASI-TEJADA, Gustavo  and  ALARCON-PALACIOS, Marco. Ridge preservation in posterior sites: A systematic review. Rev. Estomatol. Herediana [online]. 2019, vol.29, n.3, pp.213-223. ISSN 1019-4355.

Objective: To evaluate the dimensional changes produced after a dental extraction in the posterior sites using techniques of preservation of ridge and conventional healing. Materials and methods: Two independent and calibrated reviewers conducted an electronic search of randomized clinical trials published until December 2018 in Pubmed and Cochrane, which was complemented by a manual search in the journals with the greatest impact in Periodontics and Implantology according to the ISI Web of Science. The evaluation of the risk of bias in the included studies was carried out following the Cochrane manual for interventions of systematic reviews Version 5.1.0. Results: A total of 435 posterior pieces, between premolars and molars, were evaluated in the included studies after 3 months post extraction. Statistically significant values were obtained for the group that performed ridge preservation (vertical bone loss from -0.25 to -1.53 mm and horizontally from -0.91 to -2.87 mm) compared to the control group (vertical bone loss from -0.71 to -3.1 mm and at horizontal level from -2.26 to -3.96 mm). The most used biomaterial was the xenograft plus collagen membrane. The included studies showed a low risk of bias. Conclusions: The ridge preservation in posterior sites leads to: maintaining hard and soft tissues, reduces sinus pneumatization and minimizes the resorption of the crestal bone, generating a great volume of bone tissue, thus simplifying the procedures for a good three-dimensional position of the implant.

Keywords : Dental implants; tooth extraction; molar; alveolar process; bone resorption; systematic review.

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