Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú
versión impresa ISSN 1022-5129
CABRERA S, Milagros; VERASTEGUI, Manuela y CABRERA, Rufino. Prevalencia de enteroparasitosis en una comunidad altoandina de la Provincia de Víctor Fajardo, Ayacucho, Perú. Rev. gastroenterol. Perú [online]. 2005, vol.25, n.2, pp. 150-155. ISSN 1022-5129.
The objectives of the study were to find out the prevalence and distribution of entero-parasitism and determine the prevalence of coproantigens of Taenia solium in the Andean community of Huancapi, Province of Víctor Fajardo, Ayacucho, Peru. In the observational, transversal-descriptive study carried out between July and September 2000, by the Ritchie and Ziehl-Neelsen methods, modified by Cryptosporidium sp., samples of feces from 312 persons of the general population were examined. In addition, the presence of coproantigens of T. solium was investigated by the ELISA method. 77,88% (243) were positive to one or more entero-parasites. The prevalence for each protozoan specie is: 66,99% for Entamoeba coli; 12,50% for Iodamoeba butschlii; 10,90% for Chilomastix mesnili and 10,57% for Giardia lamblia; for the helminthes it was: 4,49% for Ascaris lumbricoides; 3,52% for Hymenolepis nana and 1,28% for Trichuris trichiura. Coproantigens of T. solium were detected in 3,52% of the samples. The prevailing commensal protozoan indicate that there are deficiencies in the basic sanitary services, particularly in water for domestic consumption. Huancapi is a new endemic zone for infection by T. solium.
Palabras llave : Intestinal Parasitism; Prevalence; Andean Community; Peru.