Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú
ISSN 1022-5129 versión impresa
MONTES TEVES, Pedro, SALAZAR VENTURA, Sonia y MONGE SALGADO, Eduardo. Cambios en la epidemiologia de la Úlcera Péptica y su relación con la infección con Helicobacter Pylori. Hospital Daniel Carrión 2000-2005. Rev. gastroenterol. Perú, oct./dic. 2007, vol.27, no.4, p.382-388. ISSN 1022-5129.
INTRODUCTION: Peptic ulcer disease is a frequent pathological condition. In the last few years there have been reports describing changes in its epidemiology and its association with Helicobacter pylori infection. AIMS: To describe epidemiological characteristics of peptic ulcers during the study period from January 2000 through December 2005 in Hospital Daniel Carrion. METHODS: Cross sectional analitical study. All patients with an endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer were included. Patients with gastric cancer or previous surgery were excluded. Data were processed using the SPSS 9.0 software. RESULTS: We reviewed 10,819 endoscopy reports with 899 peptic ulcer cases diagnosed during the study period. 67.8% were male, age average 54 years. Age was higher in females (59.8 y), as was in those with gastric and pyloric ulcers (68.7 y). Most frequent endoscopic indications were upper gastrointestinal bleeding (53.3%) and dyspepsia (43.8%). Duodenal location was the most frequent (49.5%) although in recent years gastric ulcers have become more prevalent. Gastric ulcers were more commonly located in the antrum lesser curvature, while duodenal ulcers were located in the anterior wall of the duodenal bulb. Gastric ulcers were larger in size and more in number than duodenal ones. Helicobacter pylori was present in 65.3% of all ulcers, 74.3% for duodenal and 55.4% for gastric ulcers. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of peptic ulcers during the study period was 83.09 cases per 1,000 endoscopies. Duodenal ulcers were the most frequent although there is a decline in the last years. There is also a decrease in the frequency of Helicobacter pylori infection as compared to what is usually described.
Palabras llave: Peptic ulcer; helicobacter pylori.
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