Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú
Print ISSN 1022-5129
ALVA, Edgar, VASQUEZ, Jorge, FRISANCHO, Oscar et al. Refractary corticosteroids colonic Crohn disease with sucesful remision with infliximab. Rev. gastroenterol. Perú, Jan./mar. 2009, vol.29, no.1, p.51-54. ISSN 1022-5129.
We review the case of a 14 year - old patient complaining of 5 months of bloody and mucous diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever and 10 kg weight loss. At the beginning she received cotrimoxazole and then chloramphenicol with no success. With the suspicious of tuberculosis she was treated for a month with the corresponding drugs with no clinical improvement. Colonoscopy revealed the presence of punch - like ulcers, deep linear ones cobblestoning and skip lesions. The histological analysis showed severe distortion the colonic mucosa, ulcers, granulation tissue, lymphoid follicles and a trend towards the formation of granulomatous lesions. The clinical, endoscopic and histological features were consistent with Crohn disease. The activity index for it was greater than 450. The patient received 60 mg bid hydrocortisone but switched to 20 mg bid methylprednisolone at day 10th. After 10 days and because she was doing worst refractoriness to corticoids was considered and 5 mg / kg Infliximab was started. At the third day of treatment symptoms improved dramatically and one week later was almost asymptomatic. Similar dosage of Infliximab was repeated at weeks 2, 6 and 8. Currently the patient is being treated with 75 mg azathioprine as maintenance therapy.
Keywords: Infliximab; Crohn disease; inflammatory bowel disease.
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