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Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú

Print version ISSN 1022-5129


BENDANO, Teófilo  and  FRISANCHO, Oscar. Clinical and evolutive profile of Crohn's disease in Hospital Rebagliati (Lima-Peru). Rev. gastroenterol. Perú [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.1, pp.17-24. ISSN 1022-5129.

Crohn's Disease (CD) is uncommon in Peru, in that respect, we don’t know its clinical and developmental profile. This is a descriptive, retrospective, transversal and observational patients diagnosed with CD in the last 20 years in the Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Nacional ‘Edgardo Rebagliati Martins’. For the small size of the population, we used a census record. The diagnosis was made using the criteria of Lennard-Jones. We present seventeen cases, most female (11 / 6). The average age was 39.9 years (60% over 40 years). Only one patient had family history (second degree of consanguinity). Sixteen were latins and one white. Clinical manifestations were abdominal pain (88.2%), diarrhea (76.5%), weight loss (76, 5%), bleeding (58.8%) and fever (58.8%). Laboratory findings showed: anemia (76.5%), thrombocytosis (58.8%), hypoalbuminemia (52.9%), leukocytosis (23.5%), nitrogen retention (11.7%), leukopenia (5.9%), and elevated acute phase reactants ( c-reactive protein or erythrocyte sedimentation rate) 76.5%. Extraintestinal manifestations were cutaneous (29.4%), articular diseases (17.6%) and hepatobiliary (11.7%). Five patients (29.4%) received treatment of tuberculosis without success (before diagnosis). Nine patients (52.9%) had acute complications requiring emergency care. The phenotypic pattern type (Montreal’s classification) was: non-stricturing non-penetrating 35.3%, stricturing 35.3% and penetrating 29.4%. Inflammation of the ileon was found in 70.5% (47% ileocolonic and ileal 23.5%), nine (53%) had perianal lesions. The activity at diagnosis was mild - moderate disease in 8 (47.0%), moderate - severe disease in 7 (41.2%) and severe - fulminant 2 (11.8%). The macroscopic lesions were predominant stenosis 13 (76.5%), followed by ulcers in 12 (70.6%), erosive erythematous inflammation 11 (64.7%) and thickening of folds in 10 (58.8 %), seven (41%) had fistulas. As initial treatment were used aminosalicylates (13 patients) and systemic corticosteroids in 6 patients (35.3%). Azathioprine was used as maintenance therapy in two patients, infliximab was used successfully in a patient with fulminant disease. During the evolution of the EC twelve patients (70.5%) required surgery, two (11.7%) percutaneous abscess drainage and two anorectal endoscopic dilation.

Keywords : Clinic Profile; Crohn disease; Peru; Inflammatoty Bowel disease.

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