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Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú

Print version ISSN 1022-5129


CORONEL, Emmanuel; CZUL, Frank  and  GELRUD, Andres. Endoscopic management of the complications of pancreatitis. Rev. gastroenterol. Perú [online]. 2013, vol.33, n.3, pp.237-245. ISSN 1022-5129.

Acute and chronic pancreatitis may lead to complications that prior the recent advancement of therapeutic endoscopy had to be treated with conventional surgery. The current techniques in interventional endoscopy allow us to access the pancreas and treat some of the complications in a minimally invasive way leading to less morbidity in our patients. Approximately 90% of acute pancreatitis episodes are edematous with early resolution of clinical symptoms and rarely leading to major complications. Patients with necrotizing pancreatitis are susceptible to local and systemic complications particularly in the setting of organ failure. On the other hand chronic pancreatitis is as a chronic inflammatory process that leads to fibrosis of the gland and in occasions to exocrine and/or endocrine insufficiency. The main objective of therapeutic endoscopy in chronic pancreatitis is to relief the obstruction and decreases the pressure in the pancreatic duct with the intention to alleviate abdominal pain. In this review we will address the indications and endoscopic techniques to treat the different complications of pancreatitis such as pseudo cyst drainage, walled off necrosis debridement, disconnected duct syndrome and different options for endoscopic therapy in chronic pancreatitis.

Keywords : Endoscopy; Pancreatitis, acute necrotizing; Pancreatitis, chronic.

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