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Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú

Print version ISSN 1022-5129


CARDENAS RAMIREZ, Bertha et al. Autoimmune hepatitis recurrence after liver transplantation: 15 years experience in Peru. Rev. gastroenterol. Perú [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.1, pp.44-48. ISSN 1022-5129.

Introduction: The recurrence of autoimmune hepatitis (HAI) following liver transplantation occurs between 8-68%. In our experience, autoimmune liver diseases are a major indication of liver transplantation. Objective: To determine the recurrence of autoimmune hepatitis in 15 years of experience and to evaluate the risk factors associated with the recurrence of HAI. Materials and methods: Retrospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study. From March 2000 to December 2015; 200 transplants were performed on 190 liver transplants; 36 patients were diagnosed for hepatic cirrhosis by HAI and underwent liver biopsy if transaminase (TGP-TGO >2 ULN) in 2 consecutive measurements. The diagnosis was made by histological criteria. Results: The indication for hepatic transplantation for HAI was 19%. Mean age was 35 years (range 16-64 years) relationship between Sex F / M 2.2, the most common HAI subtype is type 1 (89%). The HAI histological recurrence was 31% (11/36). The mean follow-up was 54 months (range 8-169 months). Conclusions: Autoimmune hepatitis is the most frequent indication of liver transplantation in our experience, accounting for 19%. The recurrence of post-transplant HAI was 31%. No association was found between the degree of severity of histological activity in the explants and the type of HLA in the presentation of the recurrence.

Keywords : Hepatitis, autoimmune; Recurrence; Liver transplantation.

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