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Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú

Print version ISSN 1022-5129


VASQUEZ-QUIROGA, Jorge et al. Clinical practice guideline for the evaluation and management of upper gastrointestinal bleeding for the Peruvian Social Security (EsSalud). Rev. gastroenterol. Perú [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.1, pp.89-102. ISSN 1022-5129.

Objective: To provide evidence-based clinical recommendations for the evaluation and management of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) in the Peruvian Social Security (EsSalud). Materials and methods: A local guideline development group (local GDG) was established, including specialists in gastroenterology and methodologists. The local GDG formulated 11 clinical questions to be answered by this clinical practice guide (CPG). We searched and selected CPG of UGB published from 2012, which answered the posed questions and obtained a score higher than 60% in domains 1 and 3 of the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE-II) tool. During September 2017, bibliographic searches were conducted in Pubmed, to update 9 clinical questions of the preselected CPGs, and to answer 2 de novo questions. The quality of the evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology. In periodic work meetings, the local GDG reviewed the evidence and formulated the recommendations, points of good clinical practice and the flowchart of evaluation and management, using the GRADE methodology Lastly, the CPG was approved with Resolución N° 80-IETSI-ESSALUD-2017. Results: This CPG addressed 11 clinical questions, divided into four themes: risk assessment, initial management, management of non-variceal UGB, and management of variceal UGB. Based on these questions, 10 recommendations (7 strong recommendations and 3 weak recommendations), 24 points of good clinical practice, and 2 flow charts were formulated. Conclusion: This article is the summary of the EsSalud’ CPG, where the available scientific evidence on evaluation and management of UGB was evaluated.

Keywords : Gastrointestinal hemorrhage; Practice guideline; Evidence-based medicine.

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