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vol.38 issue2Irritable bowel syndrome subtypes and characteristics in children from Panama, Ecuador, El Salvador, Nicaragua and MexicoClinical, pathological and microbiological association of Helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsies in the department of Caldas-Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú

Print version ISSN 1022-5129


PERALTA ESPEJO, María Teresa et al. Validation of an ammonia breath test for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with dyspepsia at Hospital Cayetano Heredia. Rev. gastroenterol. Perú [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.2, pp.138-143. ISSN 1022-5129.

Objetive: To determine the diagnostic validity of an ammonia breath test for Helicobacter pylori infection in patients who undergo an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at Hospital Cayetano Heredia. Material and methods: From April to December 2014, 155 patients were evaluated with the ammonia breath test and compared with a histological evaluation of the gastric biopsies as the gold standard. Data were evaluated using Microsoft Excel and STATA 14 to build a ROC curve. Results: The patients were predominantly female (71%), with a median age of 53 years (18-84) and a Helicobacter pylori prevalence of 51.6%. The ammonia breath test, when compared to the gastric biopsy has a 70% sensitivity, 36% specificity, 53.8% positive predictive value, 36% negative predictive value, 1.15 positive likelihood ratio and 0.75 negative likelihood ratio. According to the ROC curve, there is not an optimal cut off value and the area under the curve was 0.5517. Conclusions: The ammonia breath test evaluated on this study does not have diagnostic accuracy and is not recommended as a diagnostic tool for Helicobacter pylori infection.

Keywords : Helicobacter pylori; Ammonium compounds; Breath tests.

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