Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
versión impresa ISSN 1025-5583
NUNEZ, Eloísa; CALERO, Doris; ESTARES, Luis y MORALES, Ana. Hydatidosis prevalence and risk factors in Perus Ninacaca-Pasco district population 2001. An. Fac. med. [online]. 2003, vol.64, n.1, pp. 34-42. ISSN 1025-5583.
Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of hydatidosis in a Peruvian town general population. Design: Transversal analytic study. Material and Methods: In 412 residents from the urban area and 261 from the rural area a blood sample was obtained for serology and a survey was applied; hydatidosis cases were those positive to Elisa and Western Blot tests. Results: Hydatidosis prevalence was 9,8% in the rural area and 8,2% in the urban area. Significant risk factors were: age from 11 to 40 year-old, cattle breeder occupation, and residual water discharge within the house (rural area); and a protection factor was dog feeding with cooked viscera. Conclusions: Hydatidosis risk factors in a Peruvian district were economically productive population, direct labor with livestock and dog feeding with viscerae. Implementing a program of local harm control and extending it to the countrys highlands is suggested.
Palabras llave : Echinococcosis; sampling studies; risk factors; communicable diseases control; rural population; rural zones.