Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
versión impresa ISSN 1025-5583
Objective: To seek determinant factors in the development of depression clinical picture. Material y Methods: Study by Hamiltons Scale of a copper metallurgical mining company 158 railroad men and gantry-crane men workers. Twenty-five probable cases of depression were referred for psychiatric evaluation. In 13 diagnosis was confirmed and represent the cases group and the remaining 140 men, the control group. Both groups were compared statistically by logistic regression. Confidence intervals were calculated at 95%. Results: Depression prevalence was 8,49%. Feeling of current loss, family severe dysfunction, improper working conditions and occupational performance represented probability reasons with p value highly meaningful (59,3; 11,4; 10,0; 11,2, respectively). Age, civil state, education level, alcohol or tobacco consumption, personal or familiar history of psychiatric disorder, chronic organic illness were not meaningful. Conclusions: Depression in the studied workers is strongly associated with feeling of current loss, severe familiar dysfunction, occupational performance and inadequate working conditions, constituting risk factors.
Palabras llave : Depression; risk factors; working conditions; mining; operators.