Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
ISSN 1025-5583 versión impresa
HUAMAN, Juan, CHAVEZ, Katterine, CASTANEDA, Erdwin et al. Efecto de la Plukenetia volubilis Linneo (sacha inchi) en la trigliceridemia posprandial. An. Fac. med., dic. 2008, vol.69, no.4, p.263-266. ISSN 1025-5583.
Introduction: Postprandial lipemia is a coronary risk factor and is affected by omega-3 fatty acids. There is evidence that omega-3 acids decrease plasma lipids. Plukenetia volubilis Linne (sacha inchi) is rich in omega-3. Objective: To determine the effect of sacha inchi ingestion on postprandial triglycerides in young adults. Design: Quasi-experimental study. Setting: Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Participants: Medical students. Interventions: To 12 randomly selected Universidad Nacional de Trujillo medical students we performed oral glucose tolerance test in two phases: in the first following the ingestion of 82 grams of olive oil and in the second adding 50 grams of sacha inchi. Main outcome measures: Plasma lipids reduction. Results: In the first phase we obtained an average of 99,67 mg/dL basal triglycerides that following the ingestion of the olive oil increased in 32 at 1½ h, 74 at 3 h, 89 at 4½ h and 54 at 6 h average; in the second phase, average basal value was 100,92 mg/dL and after the olive oil and sacha inchi it increased in 15 at 1½ h, 52 at 3 h, 41 at 4½ h, and 43 at 6 h, these values were significantly lower at 1½ h (p=0,02) and 4½ h (p=0,0035). Following the consumption of sacha inchi the triglyceride tolerance test graphic showed statistical significance in the area under the curve in both phases (38,17%; p=0,0080). Conclusions: Plukenetia volubilis Linneo consumption decreases postprandial triglycerides in young adults.
Palabras llave: Lipid metabolism disorders; fatty acids, omega-3; triglycerides; lipids.
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