Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
ISSN 1025-5583 versión impresa
CARRILLO, Leonidas, PINTADO, Silvia y CUEVA, Luis. Neumotórax espontáneo secundario a tuberculosis pulmonar activa de reciente diagnóstico. An. Fac. med., jul./dic. 2010, vol.71, no.3, p.201-206. ISSN 1025-5583.
We describe the case of a male patient aged 17, Lima student who had no history of known tuberculosis contact, nonreactive HIV ELISA, diagnosed 21 days befote admission with active pulmonary tuberculosis, sputum smear 3 +, who was started with first line antituberculosis drugs. He was admitted to the hospital for pleural chest pain of sudden onset, and moderate dyspnea; on physical examination there was abolition of vocal vibrations, absence of breath sounds and hyperresonance in right hemithorax, compatible with pneumothorax on that side. Chest radiograph showed significant pulmonary collapse in the right hemithorax. Chest tube and water seal drainage were placed and he continued specific treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. He had a torpid evolution, complicated by pyogenic empyema requiring thoracostomy with prolonged hospitalization. Spontaneous pneumothorax due to newly diagnosed active pulmonary tuberculosis is a rare complication, which motivates this presentation.
Palabras llave: Tuberculosis; pulmonary; pneumothorax; pulmonary atelectasis.
UNMSM. Facultad de Medicina
Av. Grau 755
Lima 1, Perú
Telf.: 511-6197000 anexo 4618