Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
ISSN 1025-5583 versión impresa
CAMACHO-CONCHUCOS, Herminio Teófilo. Pacientes amputados por accidentes de trabajo: características y años acumulados de vida productiva potencial perdidos. An. Fac. med., dic. 2010, vol.71, no.4, p.271-275. ISSN 1025-5583.
Objectives: To determine the accumulated years of potential productive life lost in amputated patients by work accidents. Design: Descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study. Setting: Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitacion, Callao, Peru. Participants: Amputated patients by work accidents. Interventions: Review of 1 290 medical records of amputated patients attended from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2007, 108 due to work accidents. The accumulated years of potential productive life lost were determined multiplying the difference between the age of retirement and the age at the time of considering the degree of permanent disability by the percentage of the disability. Main outcome results: Accumulated years of potential productive life lost. Results: Work accident caused 8,4% of amputations generating 1 568,5 accumulated years of potential productive life lost, with 14,5 years in each case. The most frequent site of amputation was below the knee in 27,3%. Manufacture was the most frequent economic activity in 37,9% and the accident was imprisonment or entrapment in 58,3%. Male sex predominated in 98,2%; 40,7% were in the range 21 to 30 years of age and 63,9% will not be able to make their habitual work due to disability. Conclusions: The accumulated years of potential productive life lost is a very useful indicator complementing evaluation of work accidents in residual disability as it considers age at disability and its percentage.
Palabras llave: Amputation; accidents; occupational; disabled.
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