Anales de la Facultad de Medicina
Print ISSN 1025-5583
BOHORQUEZ, Ingrid Mercedes, CABALLERO, Sandy, CARRERA, Lourdes et al. Factors associated to depression symptomatology in sex workers. An. Fac. med., Dec. 2010, vol.71, no.4, p.277-282. ISSN 1025-5583.
Introduction: The working conditions and violence against sex workers has been linked to increasing rates of sexual transmitted diseases. But there are also other diseases that affect their mental health. Objectives: To determine the magnitude of depressive symptoms and associated factors in sex workers. Design: Crossanalytic study. Setting: Health Centre of reference for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections. Participants: Sex workers. Interventions: Beck test was applied to 117 sex workers attended between May and June 2010 in order to measure depressive symptoms as well as a survey to determine socio-demographic and social (physical abuse, psychological and sexual labor and harmful habits: alcohol and drug abuse) factors, risky sexual behavior and job characteristics (age at onset, years of work, job satisfaction). Main outcome measures: Percentage of depressive symptoms and weight of association between factors and presence of depressive symptoms. Results: Some level of depressive symptoms was found in 56,4% of sex workers. Severe depressive symptoms were present in 23,9%. Main factor associated with depression was background of frequent physical abuse (OR = 9,46, CI95%: 1,05 to 85,07; p = 0,045). Factors associated with severe depressive symptoms were income less than S/. 1 000.00, having children, having started sex work before age 18, and drug abuse (p <0,05). Conclusions: Over 50% of sex workers had some level of depressive symptoms generally associated with history of physical abuse. Severe depressive symptoms were associated to income less than S/. 1 000.00, having children, having started sex work before age 18, and drug abuse.
Keywords: Depression; prostitution; battered women; violence.
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