SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.75 issue4Characteristics and effects of female hormones used by male transsexuals in Lima, PeruLow adherence to hemodialysis regime in patients with chronic renal disease in a Peruvian Ministry of Health reference hospital author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 1025-5583


AVELLO CANISTO, Francisco et al. Superior third facial fractures at Dos de Mayo National Hospital Head, Neck and Maxillo-Facial Surgery Service, 1999 - 2009. An. Fac. med. [online]. 2014, vol.75, n.4, pp.319-322. ISSN 1025-5583.

Introduction: Superior third facial fractures represent an important but rare pathology in the specialty of head, neck and maxillofacial surgery, and result from severe trauma. Objectives: To determine the presentation of superior third facial fractures by age, sex, causal agent and classification. Design: Observational descriptive study. Setting: Head, Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery Service, Dos de Mayo National Hospital, Lima, Peru. Participants: Patients with superior third facial fracture. Methods: Medical records data between June 1999 and May 2009 were captured. Main outcome measures: Age, sex, causing agent and classification. Results: Forty nine patients were included. Ninety per cent were male, about two thirds (67.5%) were between 21 and 40 years old. More than half of the lesions (55%) resulted from traffic accidents and 23% from robberies; more than 40% had superior third fractures only and 59% were accompanied by midface fractures. Conclusions: Superior third facial fractures are important in the facial region. Clinical diagnosis depends on the affected structure. Treatment should be timely to prevent sequelae and complications. Traffic injuries and robberies are increasingly important causes. This study may contribute to developing treatment protocols in emergency services.

Keywords : Facial superior third; fronto-orbital region; middle frontal region; fronto-parietal region.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License