SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.76 issue1Expectations of students from a faculty of medicine in Lima, Peru, for working in first-level health care author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 1025-5583


WAGNER, Patrick et al. Latin American bases and perspectives on Person-Centered Medicine and Health. An. Fac. med. [online]. 2015, vol.76, n.1, pp.63-70. ISSN 1025-5583.

Antecedents: This paper emerges as part of a process lead by the National Academy of Medicine of Peru in close collaboration with other Latin American National Academies of Medicine and important university and professional institutions related to the area of health. Objective: To describe and substantiate the importance of Person Centered Medicine (PCM) in the Latin American context. Methodology: Review of Latin American papers and experiences on this issue, and organization of academic meetings to deliberate on related problems, two preliminary ones in Lima in December 2013 and January 2014, a third one in Buenos Aires at the Second International Congress of Person Centered Medicine with the participation of National Academies of Medicine of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru (November, 2014), and a fourth in Lima with the presence of the National Academies of Medicine of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru (December, 2014). Results: Historical and contemporary, universal and local precedents to the gestation and development of a reprioritization of medicine in relation to the Person and his context are pointed out, articulating for such purpose science and humanism. The concept of Person in medicine from a philosophical point of view, including terminological historical and human rights dimensions, is discussed. Upon these bases the central concepts of PCM are examined emphasizing its pertinence in clinical medicine as well as in public health, clinical care, education, research, and health policies. In regards to clinical education and practice, the PCM concept as a fundamental strategic principle, its programmatic educational applications and its possible institutionalization at medical school level are proposed. The importance of ethical training and clinical communication as well as the appropriate use of technology and scientific evidence on behalf of the Person are highlighted. Available institutional opportunities for health professional interdisciplinary education as well as Latin American educational perspectives are discussed. Scientific research on PCM is highlighted particularly concerning studies on conceptualization, measurement and diagnosis, including the need to construct narrative complementary instruments. Finally, perspectives on health policies centered on the person and the community as well as contributions and recommendations derived from Latin American experience on this topic are considered. Conclusions: Person Centered Medicine values biologic, psychological and socio-cultural scientific advances processing them within the comprehensive frame of the Person; it articulates science as an essential instrument and humanism as the essence of medicine. Facing reductionist epistemological formulations, PCM proposes a medicine informed by evidence and experience and oriented towards the totality of the person.

Keywords : Person centered medicine; health care; health policy; health education and research.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License