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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 1025-5583


VASQUEZ-ALVA, Rolando et al. Overcrowding in medical attention in the Adult Emergency Service of a tertiary hospital in Lima, Peru. An. Fac. med. [online]. 2016, vol.77, n.4, pp.379-385. ISSN 1025-5583.

Objective. To determine the demand for medical care in the last decade. Design. Retrospective study. Participants. Patients aged 14 years or more attended at the Emergency Service of a tertiary hospital. Interventions. The institutional system was reviewed and analyzed with SPSS 21.0. Main outcome measures. Number of patients, demand profile, time slot, day and month of visit, destination, emergency room stay, and mortality. Results. 164 370 attentions were recorded during 2015, the patient's average age was 57 years (SO 20), female 57.5%, ca me preferably in the morning, most often in laboring days (Monday), with a similar frequency every month, which declined in national holidays and Christmas. The daily average of attended, admitted and overnight staying patients in observation rooms increased respectively in 49%, 8%, and 78% in the last decade; the average of overnight patients decreased in the past two years. The initial attention area was: Medicine 36%, Surgery 21%, Traumatology 14 %, Nephrology 7%, Alleviation 18%, and Shock-Trauma unit 4%.63% were discharged and mortality was 0.8%. The most frequent reasons for admission were poorly defined signs (abdominal pain, headache and fever), genitourinary problems and minor trauma. 22883 were admitted to the emergency room, average age 65 years (SD 19), 58% were 65 years or older, 50.3% male, more frequent on Tuesdays and less on Sundays, stay between 8 and 11 hours. The most frequent diagnoses were respiratory failure, cerebrovascular disease, and sepsis. The overall average length of stay was 70 hours. Conclusions. The Adult Emergency Service of the biggest hospital in Peru presents an important excess demand for medical attention

Palabras clave : Emergency Service; Adults; Medical Careo.

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