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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 1025-5583


HUARCAYA-VICTORIA, Jeff; DELFIN, Gabriel  and  HUAMAN, Diego. Relationship between burnout and empathy in medical students from a private university in Peru. An. Fac. med. [online]. 2019, vol.80, n.4, pp.488-493. ISSN 1025-5583.

Introduction. Burnout among medical students is a serious and common entity. It has been documented that burnout is related to a reduction in empathy. Objective. To evaluate the relationship between Burnout syndrome and empathy levels in medical students. Methods. A cross-sectional study developed in 245 first year medical students in a medical school from Lima. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS), the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE-S) and a sociodemographic data collection sheet were used. Results. It was found that a correlation between the total MBI-SS and the JSPE-S (p = -0,269; p <0,01). The correlations between the dimensions of the burnout and the total of the JSPE-S were: emotional exhaustion (AE) (p = -0,137; p <0,05), cynicism (CI) (p = -0,241; p <0,01) and academic effectiveness (EA) (p = 0,262; p <0,01). Conclusions. Empathy in medical students shows a correlation with all the dimensions of burnout; negatively with the AE and CI, and positively with the EA.

Keywords : Burnout; Psychological; Empathy; Students; Medical; Peru.

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