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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 1025-5583


GALVEZ PAZ, Cristina Noelia; MENDOZA GOYCOCHEA, Mariela Esther; ESPIRITU, Nora  and  PAZ CARRILLO, Edith Maritza. Clinical, epidemiological and pathological characteristics of lymphomas in patients from the National Institute of Child Health of Breña - Peru, 2015-2019. An. Fac. med. [online]. 2021, vol.82, n.1, pp.27-33. ISSN 1025-5583.


To determine the clinical, epidemiological and pathological characteristics of lymphomas in patients of the National Institute of Child Health Breña between 2015-2019.


A quantitative, observational, crosssectional, descriptive and retrospective study was carried out; corresponding to pediatric patients diagnosed with lymphoma between 2015 and 2019. The SPSS v24 program was used for the analysis. The quantitative variables were expressed in measures of central tendency and the qualitative ones in absolute and relative frequencies.


43 cases were included, the average age was 7.2 years (1a - 16a), 72.1% (n = 31) were male. Among the most frequent symptoms are fever 51.2% (n = 22), weight loss 41.9% (n = 18) and fatigue 20.9% (n = 9) and among the prevalent signs, lymphadenopathy 83.7% (n = 36) and abdominal mass with 14% (n = 6). The most frequent location was the lymph node type with 69.8% (n = 30). Anemia occurred in 58.1% (n = 25). According to the pathological diagnosis, 20 (48.8%) cases were Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) and 23 (51.2%) were non-Hodgkin's (NHL); the most frequent types being B lymphoblastic lymphoma with 25.6% (n = 11), followed by mixed cellularity LH with 20.9% (n = 9). The most frequent lymphoma in preschool stage was mixed cellularity LH with 31.3% (n = 5), while in school stage B lymphoblastic lymphoma with 25.9% (n = 7).


In pediatric patients, lymphoma mainly affects the male sex, presenting fever, weight loss, lymphadenopathy, abdominal tumor and anemia. B lymphoblastic lymphoma was the most frequent; these clinical characteristics are similar to those reported worldwide.

Keywords : Lymphoma; Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Epidemiology, Descriptive; Pediatrics; Morbidity; Anemia; Fever; Lymphadenopathy; Peru.

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