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Anales de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 1025-5583


GUEVARA, José et al. Azole resistance in strains of Aspergillus fumigatus sensu stricto isolated from respiratory clinical samples. An. Fac. med. [online]. 2023, vol.84, n.4, pp.416-422.  Epub Dec 30, 2023. ISSN 1025-5583.


Invasive Aspergillosis (IA) poses a significant threat to patients with chronic diseases and compromised immune systems, with Aspergillus fumigatus sensu stricto (AFSS) being the primary etiological agent. Accurate and timely diagnosis is crucial, particularly given the rising incidence of IA strains resistant to antifungals, necessitating molecular methods for typing.


Twenty strains from Instituto de Medicina Tropical - Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, mycological collection, previously identified as Aspergillus fumigatus sensu lato through macroscopic and microscopic analysis, were studied. These strains were forwarded to the Universidad Nacional del Litoral for AFSS typing using a PCR screening based on CYP51A gene sequences. Antifungal susceptibility testing was performed for Voriconazole (VOR), Itraconazole (ITC), Posaconazole (POS), Isavuconazole (ISA), Anidulafungin (ANF), Caspofungin (CSF), and Amphotericin B (AMB), obtaining Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) according to CLSI M38M51S-Ed3.


All 20 strains were identified as AFSS. None of the strains exhibited MICs above the clinical breakpoint (VOR) or the epidemiological cutoffs (ITC, ISA, AMB, and CSF). POS demonstrated the highest potency against the strain collection, with a geometric mean MIC of 0,042 µg/ml.


All isolates were classified as azole-sensitive Aspergillus fumigatus sensu stricto (AFSS) based on clinical cutoff points, particularly posaconazole, which exhibited superior antifungal activity. Our findings contribute to augmenting the limited information on the etiology and clinical antifungal sensitivity of IA in our country.

Keywords : Aspergillus fumigatus; Aspergillosis; Drug Resistance, Fungal; Peru.

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