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Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú

Print version ISSN 1609-9117


SALINAS C, Eben  and  FALCON P, Néstor. Concordance between presumptive and tomographic diagnosis in dogs with encephalic and spinal diseases. Rev. investig. vet. Perú [online]. 2020, vol.31, n.3, e18167. ISSN 1609-9117.

The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between the clinical and tomographic diagnosis in dogs with brain and spine illnesses. An analytical retrospective observational study was carried out, evaluating 196 clinical histories and tomographic reports of veterinary clinics in Metropolitan Lima during the period 2009-2015. This included 76 brain and 120 spinal tomography scans. Of the total of patients, 113 were males (58%) and 83 females (42%) and 120 cases (61.2%) corresponded to purebreds. The main diseases diagnosed clinically and by computed tomography (CT) were thoracolumbar hernia, canine epilepsy, hydrocephalus, and cervical hernia. The clinical diagnosis was related to the presence of a pathology diagnosed by CT using the kappa index and the concordance was classified as poor (k = 0.38). It is concluded that the presumptive clinical diagnosis and CT have very low concordance when diagnosing a disease or injury in the brain or spinal cord.

Keywords : herniated disc; computerized tomography; presumptive diagnosis; dogs.

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