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Ecología Aplicada

versión impresa ISSN 1726-2216


DOUROJEANNI, Marc Jean. "International Non-Govermental Organizations or Multinational Non Governmental Organizations?. Ecol. apl. [online]. 2006, vol.5, n.1-2, pp.157-166. ISSN 1726-2216.

Over the past twenty years the most important international NGOs have changed their behavior with regard to their work in Latin America. Their new approach can be qualified as "transnational" as: (1) they are becoming incorporated in the countries where they operate, (2) they directly execute a growing portion of their programs and projects, (3) they are becoming expensive intermediaries for external funding and (4) they directly compete against national NGOs for international and local funding. The consequences of this new approach are negative for the Latin-American environmental movement as: (1) it establishes a disproportionate competition to obtain funding, (2) it is the cause of a significant erosion of the funding for environment as a consequence of useless intermediation and, (3) it is weakening national NGOs. It is established that national NGOs are also responsible for the current situation as they were unable neither to keep their political autonomy nor to collect enough local funding as to maintain essential administrative independence. Several recommendations are proposed to contribute to the solution of the identified problems.

Palabras clave : non-governmental international organizations (NGOs); national NGOs; relationships; behavior; financing; future.

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