versión impresa ISSN 1726-2216
SANCHEZ, Adrián y VASQUEZ, Pedro. Hunting pressure in the mushuckllacta de chipaota native Community, buffer zone of the cordillera azul national park. Ecol. apl. [online]. 2007, vol.6, n.1-2, pp. 131-138. ISSN 1726-2216.
This study determined the hunting pressure for the year 2005, of the Mushuckllacta de Chipaota native community, located in the buffer zone of the Cordillera Azul National Park - Peru. Hunted animals were registered, and censuses were made in three different regions of the study area, using nMDS and ANOSIM statistical tests to assess differences between regions. Significant differences where found; suggesting disturbances in the wild fauna community related to their closeness to the main populated centers. Global densities were estimated for 13 species. Taking densities from the "south-region" (identified as one with lowest human intervention) and also considering values in the literature (Robinson & Redford, 1991) a Sustainable Model was generated which indicated that the hunting of Mazama americana, Agouti paca, Eira barbara and Leopardus pardalis was not sustainable. It is also showed that 15 species are under local extinction processes; and that it is quite probable that Ateles sp., Psophia leucoptera, Pipile cumanenses and Aburria aburri had been extirpated from the area used by the community.
Palabras llave : Hunting pressure; wild animals; Sustainability; Local extinction; Cordillera Azul National Park.