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Ecología Aplicada

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APONTE UBILLUS, Héctor  and  RAMIREZ HUAROTO, Dámaso W.. Wetlands of the central coast of Peru: structure and menaces of its vegetal communities. Ecol. apl. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.1, pp.31-39. ISSN 1726-2216.

Lima´s wetlands are part of a biological corridor along the desert coast of Peru. Despite the large number of floristic studies conducted in these environments, little is known about the plant structure of their communities. In order to assess the structure of the plant communities a quantitative analysis using transects was conducted with further evaluation using multivariate methods. Four wetlands were chosen (Puerto Viejo, Cañete; Santa Rosa, Huaral; Paraíso, Chancay y Medio Mundo, Végueta). It was found out that each wetland had its own community structure, which is related to anthropic activities in each locality. Agriculture and livestock were identified as the main menaces in these communities. It is proposed that community plant structure is a potential bio indicator of the condition of the wetland and should be taken into consideration in management and monitoring plans of natural areas.

Keywords : wetland; vegetation; communities; conservation; Lima.

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